What Are The Most Common Cybersecurity Threats And Attacks Today?

February 18, 2022

Over the last few years, technological advancement has changed how humans share and interact. It has played a huge role in simplifying your daily life. For instance, you can conduct a corporate meeting from the comfort of your home without having to go to your workplace. Although technology has simplified your life, it has also exposed you to online threats. With the emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) and cloud computing, your sensitive data is at a higher risk than before.

In recent years, cybersecurity threats have evolved both in complexity and effectiveness. As a business owner, a cyberattack threat won’t only disrupt your competitive advantage but may also lead to convictions and fines. An individual isn’t safe either. A cybersecurity attack will expose your sensitive data, such as credit information.

Thus, it’s crucial to understand the common cybersecurity attacks in the modern world. The article below discusses what you need to know about cybersecurity threats and attacks as well as ways to protect your sensitive data. Read on.



What Are Cybersecurity Threats And Attacks?

A cyberattack is a malicious and deliberate attack and manipulation by an individual or an organization to gain illegal access to your network. The major aim of unauthorized access is to damage, disrupt, or steal your IT assets, intellectual property, or any other form of sensitive data.

As mentioned above, the emergence of advanced technologies such as AI, machine language, and cryptocurrency has placed the data of individuals, companies, and governments at constant risk. These sophisticated cyberattacks affect your productivity and can cause catastrophic damage.

However, the cybersecurity industry has evolved to manage the increasing online threats over the last few years. Corporations are now implementing advanced solutions to track and protect individuals and businesses against advanced online threats. Firms such as cyber security in Toronto or any reputable service provider in your locality have made it easy for corporations to implement solutions against cybersecurity attacks. Conduct extensive research to identify whether the company will meet your needs and expectations.


What Are The Common Cybersecurity Threats Today?

The following are some of the common cyber-attacks you might experience in today’s world. They include:

1. Distributed Denial Of Service (DDoS)

DDoS is a variant of denial of service (DoS). DoS attack is aimed to overwhelm the resources of your system, leading to functionality failure and eventually denying access to its users. A distributed denial of service (DDoS), on the other hand, is a coordinated attack comprising of a large number of computers targeting your system resources. The attack will disrupt your services and communication channels, affecting your brand reputation. It might also distract your security team, leading to more damage.

There are several types of DDoS attacks. They include:

  • Smurf Attacks: a hacker carries this out by sending an internet control message protocol (ICMP) requests to your internet protocol (IP) address. As the requests are sent from a ‘spoofed’ IP address, the hacker can easily automate the process on a large scale, overwhelming your system.
  • Flood Attack: The hacker will flood your system with connection requests. If your system attempts to accept the request, the hackers’ devices won’t respond, forcing your system to stop functioning. You’ll be denied access when you’re trying to access your system as the attack has already filled the connection queue.


How To Protect Your System Against DDoS Attacks



While there’s no way you can prevent hackers from attempting a DDoS attack, you can utilize measures to improve the success of your digital marketing. They include:

  • Improve your network security– With the right security measures, you can stop any DDoS attacks. By integrating firewalls and intrusion detection systems, you can scan for barriers between your networks. You can also use spoofing prevention tools to check whether traffic has a source address consistent with the origin address.
  • Adequate planning- Planning will help reduce the impact of a DDoS attack. This involves assigning the roles to your incident response team and how your system will prioritize the available resources to keep most services online.


2. Man-In-The-Middle (MITM) Attacks

This is another common cyberattack you might experience. During a MITM attack, the hackers position themselves in a conversation between you and your system to intercept or alter your communication. Detecting this attack can be challenging; thus, it’ll appear as if there’s no disrupted communication between a user and an application. The attacker usually targets users of e-commerce sites, financial applications, and other sites requiring users to log in.

There are several types of MITM attacks. They include:

  • IP spoofing– The attacker can spoof an IP address and trick you into thinking you’re interacting with a reputable website or brand. Thus, you may end up sharing sensitive information such as credit card information. The hacker can use the information to authorize illegal fund transfers and other related issues.
  • HTTPS spoofing- After intercepting your connection, the attacker needs to decrypt your traffic without alerting you or your system. A hacker will send a phony certificate that holds digital thumbprints associated with the compromised application. After your browser verifies it, the attacker can now intercept or alter the communication before it’s passed to your system.

The major way to be protected against MITM attacks is to prevent them from happening. This involves avoiding phishing emails. You can also adopt a zero-trust security model by connecting to public Wi-Fi routers using a virtual private network (VPN) to encrypt your connection.


3. Social Engineering Attacks

The attackers use tricks to manipulate users into making security mistakes or giving away their sensitive information. It’s a dangerous attack because it relies on human error rather than vulnerabilities in your systems. This makes it hard for you to detect the attacks than when a malware-based intrusion causes them.

Although social engineering isn’t a new concept, it has changed exponentially over the last few years. The following are ways social engineering has changed thanks to technology.

  • Use Of Social Media

Over the last few years, many people have been using social media to connect with family and friends and conduct businesses. This has also made it easier for social engineers to access online public records and digital phone books. Also, some social media platforms may not have secure solutions to protect users’ information, exposing your data to social engineers. Thus, it’s important to go through the privacy policy before signing up for any online platform.

  • Use Of Artificial Intelligence

Attackers are utilizing AI to develop ‘deep fakes.’ This involves creating fake appearances and events online to manipulate people to share sensitive information. Some attackers can use AI to bypass and compromise your system, even with voice recognition technology. Use of Artificial Intelligence has significantly intensified the complexity and potential damage of attacks, necessitating advanced strategies for securing systems. In this context, it is critical to understand specific security measures tailored for AI systems. For a comprehensive dive into this matter, refer to this in-depth guide on AI security, where you can explore effective approaches and frameworks to mitigate these risks.


Bottom Line

As discussed above, cyberattacks won’t only affect your productivity but may also affect your brand reputation. Thanks to technological advancement, you can utilize solutions to protect sensitive data from online threats.


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